USCIS Test

FROM THE UNITED STATES CITIZENS AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES

New Naturalization Test Questions

FlagOn Oct. 1, 2008, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) replaced the set of questions used as part of the citizenship test with the questions shown below. All applicants who file for naturalization on or after October 1, 2008 will be required to take the new test. For those applicants who file prior to October 1, 2008 but are not interviewed until after October, 2008 (but before October 1, 2009), there will be an option of taking the new test or the current one.

New Test Questions and Answers

Some questions have more than one correct answer. In those cases, all acceptable answers are shown. All answers are shown exactly as worded by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.

* If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the questions that have been marked with an asterisk.

QUESTIONS

(Answers are below.)

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
A. Principles of American Democracy

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

2. What does the Constitution do?

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

4. What is an amendment?

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

10. What is freedom of religion?

11. What is the economic system in the United States?*

12. What is the “rule of law”?

B. System of Government

13. Name one branch or part of the government.*

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

16. Who makes federal laws?

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?*

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

26. We elect a President for how many years?

27. In what month do we vote for President?*

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

34. Who vetoes bills?

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

37.What does the judicial branch do?

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

43. Who is the Governor of your state?

44. What is the capital of your state?*

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

46. What is the political party of the President now?

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

C: Rights and Responsibilities

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

50. What are two rights only for United States citizens?

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?

AMERICAN HISTORY
A: Colonial Period and Independence

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

66. When was the Constitution written?

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”

70. Who was the first President?*

B: 1800s

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

79. Who was President during World War I?

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

INTEGRATED CIVICS
A: Geography

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

91. Name one U.S. territory.

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.

94. What is the capital of the United States?*

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*

B. Symbols

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*

98. What is the name of the national anthem?

C: Holidays

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*

100. Name two national U.S. holidays.

ANSWERS

A. Principles of American Democracy

1.
A: The Constitution

2.
A: sets up the government
A: defines the government
A: protects basic rights of Americans

3.
A: We the People

4.
A: a change (to the Constitution)
A: an addition (to the Constitution)

5.
A: The Bill of Rights

6.
A: speech
A: religion
A: assembly
A: press
A: petition the government

7.
A: twenty-seven (27)

8.
A: announced our independence (from Great Britain)
A: declared our independence (from Great Britain)
A: said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9.
A: life
A: liberty
A: pursuit of happiness

10.
A: You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11.
A: capitalist economy
A: market economy

12.
A: Everyone must follow the law.
A: Leaders must obey the law.
A: Government must obey the law.
A: No one is above the law.

B. System of Government

13.
A: Congress
A: legislative
A: President
A: executive
A: the courts
A: judicial

14.
A: checks and balances
A: separation of powers

15.
A: the President

16.
A: Congress
A: Senate and House (of Representatives)
A: (U.S. or national) legislature

17.
A: the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18.
A: one hundred (100)

19.
A: six (6)

20.
A: Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

21.
A: four hundred thirty-five (435)

22.
A: two (2)

23.
A: Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

24.
A: all people of the state

25.
A: (because of) the state’s population
A: (because) they have more people
A: (because) some states have more people

26.
A: four (4)

27.
A: November

28.
A: Barak Obama

29.
A: Joseph (Joe ) Biden

30.
A: the Vice President

31.
A: the Speaker of the House

32.
A: the President

33.
A: the President

34.
A: the President

35.
A: advises the President

36.
A: Secretary of Agriculture
A: Secretary of Commerce
A: Secretary of Defense
A: Secretary of Education
A: Secretary of Energy
A: Secretary of Health and Human Services
A: Secretary of Homeland Security
A: Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
A: Secretary of Interior
A: Secretary of State
A: Secretary of Transportation
A: Secretary of Treasury
A: Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs
A: Secretary of Labor
A: Attorney General

37.
A: reviews laws
A: explains laws
A: resolves disputes (disagreements)
A: decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38.
A: the Supreme Court

39.
A: nine (9)

40.
A: John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41.
A: to print money
A: to declare war
A: to create an army
A: to make treaties

42.
A: provide schooling and education
A: provide protection (police)
A: provide safety (fire departments)
A: give a driver’s license
A: approve zoning and land use

43.
A: Answers will vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S. territories without a Governor should say "we don't have a Governor."]

44.
A: Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

45.
A: Democratic and Republican

46.
A: Democratic (Party)

47.
A: (Nancy) Pelosi

C: Rights and Responsibilities

48.
A: Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
A: You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
A: Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
A: A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49.
A: serve on a jury
A: vote

50.
A: apply for a federal job
A: vote
A: run for office
A: carry a U.S. passport

51.
A: freedom of expression
A: freedom of speech
A: freedom of assembly
A: freedom to petition the government
A: freedom of worship
A: the right to bear arms

52.
A: the United States
A: the flag

53.
A: give up loyalty to other countries
A: defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
A: obey the laws of the United States
A: serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
A: serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
A: be loyal to the United States

54.
A: eighteen (18) and older

55.
A: vote
A: join a political party
A: help with a campaign
A: join a civic group
A: join a community group
A: give an elected official your opinion on an issue
A: call Senators and Representatives
A: publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
A: run for office
A: write to a newspaper

56.
A: April 15

57.
A: at age eighteen (18)
A: between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

AMERICAN HISTORY
A: Colonial Period and Independence

58.
A: freedom
A: political liberty
A: religious freedom
A: economic opportunity
A: practice their religion
A: escape persecution

59.
A: Native Americans
A: American Indians

60.
A: Africans
A: people from Africa

61.
A: because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
A: because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
A: because they didn’t have self-government

62.
A: (Thomas) Jefferson

63.
A: July 4, 1776

64.
A: New Hampshire
A: Massachusetts
A: Rhode Island
A: Connecticut
A: New York
A: New Jersey
A: Pennsylvania
A: Delaware
A: Maryland
A: Virginia
A: North Carolina
A: South Carolina
A: Georgia

65.
A: The Constitution was written.
A: The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66.
A: 1787

67.
A: (James) Madison
A: (Alexander) Hamilton
A: (John) Jay
A: Publius

68.
A: U.S. diplomat
A: oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
A: first Postmaster General of the United States
A: writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
A: started the first free libraries

69.
A: (George) Washington

70.
A: (George) Washington

B: 1800s

71.
A: the Louisiana Territory
A: Louisiana

72.
A: War of 1812
A: Mexican-American War
A: Civil War
A: Spanish-American War

73.
A: the Civil War
A: the War between the States

74.
A: slavery
A: economic reasons
A: states’ rights

75.
A: freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
A: saved (or preserved) the Union
A: led the United States during the Civil War

76.
A: freed the slaves
A: freed slaves in the Confederacy
A: freed slaves in the Confederate states
A: freed slaves in most Southern states

77.
A: fought for women’s rights
A: fought for civil rights

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78.
A: World War I
A: World War II
A: Korean War
A: Vietnam War
A: (Persian) Gulf War

79.
A: (Woodrow) Wilson

80.
A: (Franklin) Roosevelt

81.
A: Japan, Germany and Italy

82.
A: World War II

83.
A: Communism

84.
A: civil rights (movement)

85.
A: fought for civil rights
A: worked for equality for all Americans

86.
A: Terrorists attacked the United States.

87.
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.]

A: Cherokee
A: Navajo
A: Sioux
A: Chippewa
A: Choctaw
A: Pueblo
A: Apache
A: Iroquois
A: Creek
A: Blackfeet
A: Seminole
A: Cheyenne
A: Arawak
A: Shawnee
A: Mohegan
A: Huron
A: Oneida
A: Lakota
A: Crow
A: Teton
A: Hopi
A: Inuit

INTEGRATED CIVICS
A: Geography

88.
A: Missouri (River)
A: Mississippi (River)

89
A: Pacific (Ocean)

90.
A: Atlantic (Ocean)

91.
A: Puerto Rico
A: U.S. Virgin Islands
A: American Samoa
A: Northern Mariana Islands
A: Guam

92.
A: Maine
A: New Hampshire
A: Vermont
A: New York
A: Pennsylvania
A: Ohio
A: Michigan
A: Minnesota
A: North Dakota
A: Montana
A: Idaho
A: Washington
A: Alaska

93.
A: California
A: Arizona
A: New Mexico
A: Texas

94.
A: Washington, D.C.

95.
A: New York (Harbor)
A: Liberty Island
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

B. Symbols

96.
A: because there were 13 original colonies
A: because the stripes represent the original colonies

97.
A: because there is one star for each state
A: because each star represents a state
A: because there are 50 states

98.
A: The Star-Spangled Banner

C: Holidays

99.
A: July 4

100.
A: New Year’s Day
A: Martin Luther King, Jr., Day
A: Presidents’ Day
A: Memorial Day
A: Independence Day
A: Labor Day
A: Columbus Day
A: Veterans Day
A: Thanksgiving
A: Christmas

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, Please visit:

http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis